- Category: Simbolos
- Published on Monday, 30 November -0001 00:00
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The National Anthem of the Dominican Republic is the patriotic musical composition that represents and identifies the Dominican Republic as a country, and one which, together with the Flag and the Coat of Arms, are categorized as ´the symbols of the homeland´. The lyrics of the National Anthem was written by Emilio Prud'Homme and its music sheet of Anthem was composed by Prof. José Reyes in 1883, who asked Emilio Prud'Homme to write some patriotic wordings to be used as verses to complete and accompany musical scores.
The hymn (lyrics) that accompanied the musical composition (anthem) was first interpreted on August 17, 1883 at the lounge area of the respectable meeting place of the high society of its capital city, known as Logia Esperanza No. 9; and the second city that hear the musical notes of the National Anthem of the Dominican Republic was Azua.
The musical composition was an instant success, it was so much so, that when the coffin containing the remains of the Liberator of the Dominican Republic, Juan Pablo Duarte, was received – as he died in Venezuela - in 1884, the musical composition of Prof. José Reyes was the chosen piece to play at the ceremony.
The lyrics did not experienced the same success, au contraire, lyrics written by Emilio Prud'Homme contained historical references errors and some musical metrics defects. Various intellectuals of that epoch, criticized lyrics and even wrote new verses to accompany music scores of the anthem. In 1897, Emilio wisely publicly presented a corrected version of the original lyrics, which ended debates, and was accepted by all. These corrected version are the present-day lyrics of the Anthem. On that same year, President Ulises Heureaux presented a Bill to Congress in which he petitioned that the anthem be adopted as the official Anthem of the Dominican Republic, and this Anthem was played at all official events, but President Ulises Heureaux was assassinated in 1899, before he could enact this such a Bill.
The extraordinary political upheaval of the beginning of the 20th Century in the Dominican Republic prevented that actions be taken in regards to the Patriotic Symbols of the Dominican Republic. Although, in 1934, under the Government of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, Congress adopted the lyrics written by Emilio Prud'Homme and the musical score of Prof. José Reyes as the "National Anthem of the Dominican Republic".