Hoy es Domingo 22 de Octubre del 2017

National Anthem Of The Dominican Republic

HISTORY

 

The National Anthem of the Dominican Republic is the patriotic musical composition that represents and identifies the Dominican Republic as a country, and one which, together with the Flag and the Coat of Arms, are categorized as ´the symbols of the homeland´. The lyrics of the National Anthem was written by Emilio Prud'Homme and its music sheet of Anthem was composed by Prof. José Reyes in 1883, who asked Emilio Prud'Homme to write some patriotic wordings to be used as verses to complete and accompany musical scores. 

 

The hymn (lyrics) that accompanied the musical composition (anthem) was first interpreted on August 17, 1883 at the lounge area of the respectable meeting place of the high society of its capital city, known as Logia Esperanza No. 9; and the second city that hear the musical notes of the National Anthem of the Dominican Republic                          was Azua.

 

The musical composition was an instant success, it was so much so, that when the coffin containing the remains of the Liberator of the Dominican Republic, Juan Pablo Duarte, was received – as he died in Venezuela - in 1884, the musical composition of Prof. José Reyes was the chosen piece to play at the ceremony. 

 

The lyrics did not experienced the same success, au contraire, lyrics written by Emilio Prud'Homme contained historical references errors and some musical metrics defects. Various intellectuals of that epoch, criticized lyrics and even wrote new verses to accompany music scores of the anthem. In 1897, Emilio wisely publicly presented a corrected version of the original lyrics, which ended debates, and was accepted by all. These corrected version are the present-day lyrics of the Anthem. On that same year, President Ulises Heureaux presented a Bill to Congress in which he petitioned that the anthem be adopted as the official Anthem of the Dominican Republic, and this Anthem was played at all official events, but President Ulises Heureaux was assassinated in 1899, before he could enact this such a Bill. 

 

The extraordinary political upheaval of the beginning of the 20th Century in the Dominican Republic prevented that actions be taken in regards to the Patriotic Symbols of the Dominican Republic. Although, in 1934, under the Government of Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, Congress adopted the lyrics written by Emilio Prud'Homme and the musical score of Prof. José Reyes as the "National Anthem of the Dominican Republic". 

Official lyrics

Quisqueyanos valientes, alcemos
Nuestro canto con viva emoción,
Y del mundo a la faz ostentemos
Nuestro invicto glorioso pendón.

¡Salve! el pueblo que, intrépido y fuerte,
A la guerra a morir se lanzó,
Cuando en bélico reto de muerte
Sus cadenas de esclavo rompió.

Ningún pueblo ser libre merece
Si es esclavo indolente y servil;
Si en su pecho la llama no crece
Que templó el heroísmo viril,

Mas Quisqueya la indómita y brava
Siempre altiva la frente alzará;
Que si fuere mil veces esclava
Otras tantas ser libre sabrá.

Que si dolo y ardid la expusieron
De un intruso señor al desdén,
¡Las Carreras! ¡Beller!, campos fueron
Que cubiertos de gloria se ven.

Que en la cima de heroíco baluarte
De los libres el verbo encarnó,
Donde el genio de Sánchez y Duarte
A ser libre o morir enseñó.

Y si pudo inconsulto caudillo
De esas glorias el brillo empañar,
De la guerra se vio en Capotillo
La bandera de fuego ondear.

Y el incendio que atónito deja
De Castilla al soberbio león,
De las playas gloriosas le aleja
Donde flota el cruzado pendón.

Compatriotas, mostremos erguida
Nuestra frente, orgullosos de hoy más;
Que Quisqueya será destruida
Pero sierva de nuevo, ¡jamás!

Que es santuario de amor cada pecho
Do la patria se siente vivir;
Y es su escudo invencible: el derecho;
Y es su lema: ser libre o morir.

¡Libertad! que aún se yergue serena
La Victoria en su carro triunfal,
Y el clarín de la guerra aún resuena
Pregonando su gloria inmortal.

¡Libertad! Que los ecos se agiten
Mientras llenos de noble ansiedad
Nuestros campos de gloria repiten
¡Libertad! ¡Libertad! ¡Libertad!